a. the annual growth rate in egypt in 1990 was 31 - 9 = 22 per 1,000 people. the estimated annual growth rate in 2010 is 25 - 5 = 20 per 1,000 people.
b. i feel like egypt is in the third stage (late developing) in the demographic transition model because the birth and death rate was higher but then as time progressed, they both started to level out. in order for egypt to advance in the model, they will have to have a developed country (urbanization) and lower their birth/death rates through the use of birth controls and healthcare.
the presiding officer of the united states senate is the person who presides over the united states senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing members to speak, and interpreting the senate's rules, practices, and precedents. senate presiding officer is a role, not an actual office. the actual role is usually performed by one of three officials: the vice president; an elected united states senator; or, in special cases, the chief justice. outside the constitutionally mandated roles, the actual appointment of a person to do the job of presiding over the senate as a body is governed by rule i of the standing rules.
the vice president is assigned the responsibility by the constitution of presiding over the senate and designated as its president. the vice president has the authority (ex office, for they are not an elected member of the senate) to cast a tie-breaking vote. early vice presidents took an active role in regularly presiding over proceedings of the body, with the president pro tempore only being called on during the vice president's absence. during the 20th century, the role of the vice president evolved into more of an executive branch position. now, the vice president is usually seen as an integral part of a president's administration and presides over the senate only on ceremonial occasions or when a tie-breaking vote may be needed.
the constitution also provides for the appointment of one of the elected senators to serve as president pro tempore. this senator presides when the vice president is absent from the body. the president pro tempore is selected by the body specifically for the role of presiding in the absence of (as the meaning of pro tempore, literally "for the time being") the actual presiding officer. by tradition, the title of president pro tempore has come to be given more-or-less automatically to the most senior senator of the majority party. in actual practice in the modern senate, the president pro tempore also does not often serve in the role (though it is their constitutional right to do so). instead, as governed by rule i, they frequently designate a junior senator to perform the function.
when the senate hears an impeachment trial of the president of the united states, by the procedure established in the constitution, the chief justice is designated as the presiding officer.
what are you asking here?
the theory postulates that you acquire your attitudes according to your goals would be cognitive dissonance theory. there is a tendency for individuals to seek consistency among their cognitions (i.e., beliefs, opinions)