the correct answer is:
d. queen zenobia enjoyed vast power but her enemies conquered her in the end
zenobia was the queen of the palmyrene empire from 267–272 a.d. under her rule, palmyra expanded from modern syria all the way from iraq through turkey and into egypt. she had a lot of influence, anyway her enemies defeated her at last. her ending is uncertain, they say say that she never made it to rome, having either starved or poisoned herself on the journey back. a big proof on how fortune is uncertain, everything that goes up eventually must come down.
i believe the correct answer is: b. with careful and intelligent management, ecosystems can still thrive after human beings have changed them.
both of these passages talk about the importance of maintaining and taking care of the ecosystem: the first one deals with the priorities in preserving nature; and the second one puts japanese people as an example to follow in terms of protecting the environment.
d.counterargument to a argument