in 1846 the oregon treaty was signed between the us and britain to settle the boundary dispute. the british gained the land north of the 49th parallel, including the vancouver island and the united states received the territory south of the parallel.
soviet expansion in eastern europe. 20 million russians died during world war two, so stalin said he wanted a buffer zone of friendly states around russia to make sure that russia could never be invaded again. stalin was planning the takeover of eastern europe.