true, as the earth rotates the sun hits the surface of the planet; causing the day and night cycle.
yes, beacuse when you lift up the notebook it will come off the table that it is sitting on. the reason that it will fall back to the table is becasue of the force of gravity acting on it
i) you walk barefoot on the hot street and it burns your toes.
the road is in direct contact with your skin. thermal energy from the road will transfer to the bottom of your feet, then to the rest of your body. this is an example of conduction.
ii) when you get into a car with hot black leather in the middle of the summer and your skin starts to get burned.
just like in the previous example, the hot leather is in direct contact with your skin (i guess if you're going to drive naked). thermal energy from the leather will transfe to your skin, then to the rest of your body. this is also conduction.
iii) a flame heats the air inside a hot air balloon and the balloon rises.
the flame heats air directly at the bottom of the balloon. the warm air expands and becomes less dense. this will rise and let the unheated, denser air in the balloon fall down toward the flame. this is an example of the convection cycle.
iv) a boy sits to the side of a campfire. he is 10 feet away, but still feels warm.
the campfire heats air directly nearby. the warm air expands and moves away from the fire in all directions, leaving behind unheated, denser air to be heated up. some of the warm air reaches the boy. this is another example of convection.
the answer is a) 1 and 2.
i would think klcio3