The lens in the eyepiece of a telescope magnifies light by bending it. what is this bending called?
carbon-14 is naturally created with the interaction of high-energy cosmic rays with atmospheric nitrogen. as part of the atmosphere, living organisms take in the carbon and incorporate this into living tissues. as long as the organism is alive and breathing, it keeps adding new carbon-14. when the organism dies, it stops gaining carbon-14 - or anything else, of course.
carbon-14 is slightly radioactive, with a half-life of about 5700 years. if we assume that the atmospheric production of carbon-14 has been steady for the last 100,000 years, we can calculate the approximate age of when the organism died by determining what percentage of carbon-14 still exists in the dead material.
paleo-archaeologists and anthropologists use this information when studying old cultures and civilizations.
the equation used to calculate the weight of an object on a plant is f = ma. "f" is the force measures in newtons, "m" is the mass measures in grams and "a" is the acceleration that accur due to gravity.